-Irony-(Dramatic)-Occurs when the audience of a play or the reader of a work of literature knows something that a character
in the work itself does not know. The irony is in the contrast between the intended meaning of the statements or actions of
a character and the additional information understood by the audience.
The main irony in The Count of Monte Cristo is that Edmond Dantes has everything dear taken away from him, but
later he takes revenge and does the same to his conspirators. Also, Dantes takes a liking to Albert de Morcerf before he knows
the young man is his son.
-Metaphor-A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to a person, idea, or object to which it is not literally
There are many metaphors in The Count of Monte Cristo. Edmond Dantes's imprisonment represents a descent to Hades.
His years in the Chateau D'If were the worst years of his life. He spent the first years in solitude, thinking about his beautiful
fiance, Mercedes, and trying to understand why he had been arrested.
-Imagery-The forming of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things; the use of language to represent actions, persons,
objects, and ideas descriptively.
Alexandre Dumas described the countenance of people excessively. Vivid descriptions of physical emotion are apparent
throughout the book. Also, periods of Dantes's life are reflected in many descriptions. When Dantes was still in the Chateau
D'If, his environment and cell were described as the darkest and most desolate of places on the face of the earth. However,
when he is living as the Count of Monte Cristo, all his belongings, houses, and experiences are described as splendid and
magnificent. The imagery in The Count of Monte Cristo add to the tone and semblance of the story.
-Allusion-A reference to a familar literary or historical person or event, used to make an idea more easily understood.
There are many allusions in The Count of Monte Cristo including Brutus, Queen Mab, and Sinbad the Sailor.
-Details-Items or particulars concerning persons and their actions, events and their consequences, settings and their
Alexandre Dumas describes everything in The Count of Monte Cristo in great detail. The reader can see the mansion
of the Count of Mondego, and the lavish furniture in the house of the Count of Monte Cristo on the Champs Elysees.
-Symbolism-The practive of representing objects or ideas by symbols or of giving things a symbolic (associated) character
The major symbol in The Count of Monte Cristo is Dantes's friendship with Abbe Faria. After Dantes was taken
away from his fiance and father on his wedding day, he is completely and utterly alone in the Chateau D'If. When he encounters
Abbe Faria, the two immediately become inseparable, and Abbe Faria serves as a father figure to Dantes while he is in prison.
Abbe Faria is a symbol of the father that Dantes needed while in prison to guide him and teach him how to survive in the "real
world" when he finally would be able to escape. The tunnel that the two had been digging symbolizes a Tunnel of Freedom for
Dantes and Faria, but in the end only Dantes would escape from the horrible Chateau D'If.
-Conflict-The opposition of persons or forces upon which the action depends in drama and fiction.
The conflict in The Count of Monte Cristo is between Dantes and Mondego, Villefort, and Danglars. This conflict
is the bud of revenge for Dantes, and this revenge is the motive for most of the Count of Monte Cristo's actions throughout